Asya Sentrala

de Vikipedya, la ansiklopedya líbera
Saltar a: navigación, buxcar
Asya Sentrala

Asya Sentrala es una rejion de Asya la kuala se ekstiende desde la mar Kaspia asta las frontieras de Kina i Rusia fista Asya del Sud. Asya Sentrala esta konosida por sus pueblos nomadikos i por la Ruta de la Seda[1]. Por esto, Asya Sentrala es la rejion a traverso de la kuala la djente, los bienes i las ideas an viajado entre Evropa, el Medio Oryente, Asya del Sud i Asya Oryentala [2].

Egzisten varias versiyones de lo ke konforma Asya Sentrala. Oy endiya se uza la definision de la sub-rejion de la ONU, la kuala esta konformada por Kazakistan, Kirgizistan, Tadjikistan, Turkmenistan i Uzbekistan. Algunas vezes por razones etnikas se adisiona Mongolia, Afganistan, el nord de Pakistan, el nordeste de Iran, el Noroeste de la India i el oksidente de la Repuvlika Popular de Kina. Endemas, egziste ken adisiona otras provinsias de Kina komo Qinghai, Tibet, Gansu i Mongolia Interior, ansina komo el sud de Siberia. Antes del nasimyento de Mahomat i durante la Edad Media, en la rejion bivian pueblos iranios [3][4] komo los sogdianos i korasmios sedentarios i a esitas i alanos semi-nómadas. Estos pueblos son los asendientes de los aktualos tadjikos, pashtunes, pamiris i otros pueblos iranios ainda presentes en la rejion. Ma dempues de la arrivada de los pueblos turkanos, la rejion paso a ser ande biven uzbekos, kazakos, kirgizos i uiguros, por lo ke munchas vezes Asya Sentrala es yamada Turkestan.

Referensias[trocar | editar código]

  1. Steppe Nomads and Central Asia
  2. Travelers on the Silk Road
  3. Encyclopædia Iranica, "CENTRAL ASIA: The Islamic period up to the mongols", C. Edmund Bosworth: "In early Islamic times Persians tended to identify all the lands to the northeast of Khorasan and lying beyond the Oxus with the region of Turan, which in the Shahnama of Ferdowsi is regarded as the land allotted to Fereydun's son Tur. The denizens of Turan were held to include the Turks, in the first four centuries of Islam essentially those nomadizing beyond the Jaxartes, and behind them the Chinese (see Kowalski; Minorsky, "Turan"). Turan thus became both an ethnic and a geographical term, but always containing ambiguities and contradictions, arising from the fact that all through Islamic times the lands immediately beyond the Oxus and along its lower reaches were the homes not of Turks but of Iranian peoples, such as the Sogdians and Khwarezmians."
  4. C.E. Bosworth, "The Appearance of the Arabs in Central Asia under the Umayyads and the establishment of Islam", in History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Vol. IV: The Age of Achievement: AD 750 to the End of the Fifteenth Century, Part One: The Historical, Social and Economic Setting, edited by M. S. Asimov and C. E. Bosworth. Multiple History Series. Paris: Motilal Banarsidass Publ./UNESCO Publishing, 1999. excerpt from page 23: "Central Asia in the early seventh century, was ethnically, still largely an Iranian land whose people used various Middle Iranian languages.". [1]


Atamientos eksternos[trocar | editar código]

Commons-logo.svg
Klika akí para ver las imajes de Commons ensima de Asya Sentrala.